Enar

September 2012 - The impact of Breivik’s killings, one year later

The impact of Breivik’s killings, one year later

Welcome to this new edition of the ENARgy webzine! A little over a year after the tragic killings by Anders Breivik in Norway, we examine the impact of the attacks in Norway, Breivik’s trial, as well as wider trends in extremist movements, counter-terrorism and hate crime. The webzine starts with an assessment of the political context in Europe since the attacks in Norway. Further articles focus on the role of security services and the police in extreme right movements, on EU actions to counter bias violence, and on the EU’s counter-terrorism strategy’s role in addressing extremism. The webzine also offers an analysis of Breivik’s trial and an assessment of the way the ‘new right’ and counter-jihad bloggers in Scandinavia have responded to the Breivik attacks. An interview with the Norwegian Centre Against Racism’s Director gives insights into Norway’s response to Breivik’s killings, and a final article makes the case for national intercultural strategies in Norway. If you would like to read the full webzine in pdf format, you can download it here.

One year after Utoya in a troubled Europe: Chimeras and Erinyes

Miltos Pavlou of i-RED gives his own bleak assessment of the current political context in Europe, based on xenophobic and racist attitudes taking place recently in Greece, France and Norway, among others. He focuses on increasing hate speech and crimes against minorities, and on the unfulfilled promises of an inclusive Europe. This raises attention to the need to be cautious of passive acceptance of ‘othering’ techniques used by some to maintain hierarchies and positions of power.

Are security services and the police colluding with the growth of the far right?

Far-right crimes documented in IRR’s report ’Pedlars of Hate’ are not being adequately investigated by police forces in Europe. Is this due to indifference, or an inbuilt police bias towards the far right?

Bias violence: Why the EU should take action and ways forward

Annica Ryngbeck examines the impact of the Utoya massacre and Breivik’s trial on our understanding of violence. Social Platform calls for a collective approach to violence and has compiled a list of recommendations to EU decision makers as well as to national and regional authorities.

Taking stock of the 22/7 trial and Norway’s future

This essay analyses the reasons why the outcome of Breivik’s trial not only came as a relief to most Norwegians, but also exposed a continuum of extreme to populist right-wing ideas.

An anti-racist NGO’s perspective on Norway’s response to Breivik’s killings

The Norwegian Centre Against Racism’s Director gives her insights on the impact of the tragedy in July 2011 on racism, the situation of ethnic and religious minorities, and the political climate in Norway.

Utoya and the case for national intercultural strategies

Robin Wilson presents the characteristics of intercultural models of integration in Europe. He argues that applying such a model in Norway could reassure its citizens, especially the survivors of the Utoya massacre, about the advantages of cultural diversity.

Blogging for freedom: the radical blogosphere post Breivik

The online world and social media have become a focus for the proliferation of hateful material. This essay examines the way counter-jihad Scandinavian bloggers responded to the Breivik attacks. The authors’ contention is that, after an initial dip in rhetoric in the immediate aftermath, this movement is as angry and polemic as ever – and turning on new targets, in particular the mainstream media and political establishment.

The blind alley that is Eurabia

Jean-Yves Camus analyses the anti-Muslim attitudes of the xenophobic radical right in Western Europe and deconstructs the concept of “Eurabia”, which refers to a European continent and culture that have voluntarily surrendered to Islam, have denied their “Judeo-Christian” roots, and are being demographically overcome by Muslims.

Countering violent extremism: governments can’t do it alone!

This article highlights the efforts of the EU and its Members States to prevent terrorism, but also stresses the necessity for governments to work with communities, civil society, NGOs and the private sector to counter violent extremism.